The proliferation of technology has affected all the spheres of the life and has become an inseparable part of our lives. In the recent years, the effect of high technology and the internet is noticeable in the education. Traditional classes and teaching methods are disappearing in many countries, schools are getting adapted to the new situation, changing the design of the schools and adding new technological stuff. To have more interactive lessons, the teachers are also trying to change their mode of thinking, perspective, and teaching methods by implementing technology in their classes.
Adoption of Educational Technology has become trendy and at the same time challenging for most of the educational centers. The two reports by Horizon Higher Ed and K-12 ( article-1 & article-2) touch upon the topic of recent technological trends and challenges in the schools (K-12) and higher education. According to the reports, the trends of technology adoption in the education are three types:
1-long-term trends are the ones that have been impacting decision-making and will continue to be important for more than five years.
2-mid-term trends are trends that will likely continue to be an important factor in decision-making for the next three to five years.
3-short-term trends are the ones that are in the process of adoption now and maybe remain important for only one to two years.
The adoption of above-mentioned trends is mostly followed by some challenges that most of the educational complexes meet. Today in the blog post I will discuss some of the trends and challenges mentioned by the reports of Horizon in Armenian schools.
I have not received my primary and secondary education in Armenia and neither of siblings, but after living here for several years, I have a general idea about the common educational system that most of the schools follow. Here, in Armenia, only a few schools implement technology in the teaching and learning process and practice learner-centered and competency-based approaches. The other schools either still apply traditional methods or are on the phase of technological trends adoption. Nowadays, in Armenia, most of the schools and teachers embrace the idea of learner-centered education and collaborative learning and tend to practice student-centric pedagogies to foster more positive learning outcomes.
Moreover, to improve students learning, redesign of the learning environment is needed. Classrooms which contain movable furniture and technology are likely to affect positively on the learning. EFL teachers can enhance their students’ knowledge by adopting the learner-centered approach, and changing their role as a facilitator. Opportunity for more authentic learning is another challenge that K-12 education in Armenia needs to meet. Hence, the schools need to change their curriculum and schedules and make them more flexible, enable students for authentic learning.
As far as higher education is concerned, a few universities like American and French university in Armenia have joint consortia to share and combine the resources. In Armenia, more universities need to achieve cross-institution collaboration which will improve the educational standards and will enable the instructors, learners, and alumni work toward common goals concerning technology, research, or shared values.
The educational system in Armenia needs a real transformation, which needs a shift from traditional methods to technological education. However, it will take years to achieve the ultimate educational transformation, as it needs huge investments.